Rudolf Steiner -- His live in context

December 27, 1948

In Beatenberg, Switzerland, Marie Steiner-von Sivers dies at the age of 82.

Von Sivers was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and one of his closest colleagues.

December 27, 1948
August 31, 1943

At the the Casa Andrea Cristoforo clinic in Ascona, Switzerland, Elisabeth Vreede dies at the age of 64.

August 31, 1943
March 4, 1943

In Arlesheim, Ita Wegman dies at the age of 67.

March 4, 1943
1935

Separation of the Anthroposophical Society.

  • Vreede and Wegman are excluded from the board of directors.
  • Vreede is expelled from the executive council
  • Vreede’s section is passed to other leadership.
  • Vreede is cut off from the observatory and archives that she herself helped assemble.
1935
1928

The second Goetheanum building is completed.

1928
1925

Steiner and Wegman published Fundamentals of Therapy: An Extension of the Art of Healing Through Spiritual Knowledge.

1925
March 30, 1925

In Dornach, Switzerland, Rudolf Steiner dies at the age of 64.

March 30, 1925
1925

Vreede joins the board of directors of the general Anthroposophical Society

1925
September, 1924

Steiner became increasingly ill; he held his last lecture late September, 1924.

September, 1924
February, 1924

In an extensive series of lectures from February to September 1924, Steiner presents further research on successive reincarnations of various individuals and describes the techniques he used for karma research.

February, 1924
February, 1924

Steiner gives members of the School of Spiritual Science of the Anthroposophical Society their first Lesson for guidance into the esoteric work.

February, 1924
1924

Steiner appoints Vreede to head the Mathematical-Astronomical Section of the School of Spiritual Science of the recently reestablished Anthroposophical Society.

1924
Christmas, 1923

The “Foundation Meeting” at the Dornach center

In this meeting for members held  Steiner speaks of laying a new Foundation Stone for the society in the hearts of his listeners.

At the meeting, a new “General Anthroposophical Society” is established with a new executive board.

At this meeting, Steiner also founds a School of Spiritual Science, intended as an “organ of initiative” for research and study and as “the ‘soul’ of the Anthroposophical Society”

Christmas, 1923
1923

Steiner asks Wegman to join the Executive Council of the newly reformed Anthroposophical Society at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland.

1923
1923

The Beer Hall Putsch in Munich

For Steiner is this the reason to give up his residence in Berlin, saying that if those responsible for the attempted coup [Hitler and others] come to power in Germany, it would no longer be possible for him to enter the country.

1923
December 31, 1922

On New Year’s Eve, 1922/1923, the Goetheanum burned to the ground; contemporary police reports indicate arson as the probable cause.

December 31, 1922
1922

In Munich, Steiner gives a  lecture that was disrupted

tink bombs were let off and the lights switched out, while people rushed the stage apparently attempting to attack Steiner, who exited safely through a back door.

1922
1922

“The religious movement Christian Community” is founded by a circle of young people.

Some members of that circle are:

  • Friedrich Rittelmeyer
  • Heinrich Ogilvie
1922
1922

The “West-East Conference” is held to facilitate understanding between the world opposites of west and east.

1922
1921

Steiner warns against the disastrous effects it will have for Central Europe if the National Socialists come to power.

1921
1921

Adolf Hitler attacks Steiner on many fronts, including accusations that he is a tool of the Jews, while other nationalist extremists in Germany call for a “war against Steiner”.

1921
1920 s

Steiner is approached by Friedrich Rittelmeyer, a Lutheran pastor with a congregation in Berlin, who asks if it was possible to create a more modern form of Christianity.

1920 s
1920

Vreede moves to Arlesheim, Switzerland, where she has built a little house for herself.

1920
1919

In Stuttgart, Germany, Steiner founds the first Waldorf school.

1919
1919

Dietrich Eckart, a political theorist of the National Socialist German Workers Party, attacks Steiner and suggests that he is a Jew.

1919
April 1919

Emil Molt asks Steiner to found a school for the children of workers in his Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory in Stuttgart.

April 1919
1917

Based on Steiner’s indications, Wegman develops a treatment for cancer using mistletoe.

1917
December 24, 1914

 Rudolf Steiner and Marie von Sivers marry.

December 24, 1914
1914

At the start of World War I, Steiner’s disbands the Esoteric School.

1914
April 1914

Vreede moves to Dornach to help building the first Goetheanum.

April 1914
Beginning 1914

Steiner draws up a succession of wills naming Marie von Sivers as heir to his entire work and property and his successor in the leadership of the anthroposophical movement.

Beginning 1914
1914

Start of World War I.

1914
1913

Annie Bessant declares Krishnamurti the new-born Christ.

1913
September 20, 1913

In Dornach, Switzerland, the foundation stone is laid for the first Goetheanum.

September 20, 1913
1913

Steiner moves from Berlin to Dornach.

He lives there to the end of his life.

1913
December 28, 1912

In Cologne, Germany, the Anthroposophical Society is founded with about 3,000 members. The members of its Executive Council are: Marie von Sivers, Michael Bauer and Carl Unger.

Rudolf Steiner does not take any official position but acts as an advisor and lecturer. Separation from the Theosophical Society.

December 28, 1912
At the end of 1912

Most German-speaking Theosophists broke away from the Theosophical Society to found the Anthroposophical Society, as a result of growing tensions. Steiner was at the head of it.

At the end of 1912
Beginning 1912

Starting in 1912, Rudolf Steiner developed the art of eurythmy. With Marie von Sivers’ guidance, it developed in three directions:

  • as a stage art,
  • as an integral part of Waldorf pedagogy, and
  • as a therapeutic method.
Beginning 1912
1911

Anna Eunicke Steiner, Steiner’s first wife, died

1911
1911

The Theosophical Society established the Order of the Star in the East (OSE) to prepare the world for the expected appearance of the World Teacher (Jiddu Krishnamurti).

1911
1910

Steiner published his book An Outline of Esoteric Science

1910
1910

Steiner described aspects of karma relating to health, natural phenomena and free will, taking the position that a person is not bound by his or her karma, but can transcend this through actively taking hold of one’s own nature and destiny.

1910
1910

Vreede moves to Berlin where she worked on her dissertation, and occasionally worked as a secretary for Steiner.

1910
April 1909

In India, Charles Webster Leadbeater and Annie Besant of the Theosophical Society found a young boy named Jiddu Krishnamurti. In him they not only saw a world teacher, but also the reincarnation of Christ

April 1909
1908

Steiner published The Way of Initiation.
(English edition trans. by Max Gysi)

1908
1908

Marie von Sivers founded the Philosophical-Theosophical Press (later Philosophical-Anthroposophical) to publish Steiner’s work.

1908
June 15, 1907

Steiner is appointed General Grand Master of the Egyptian Rite of Memphis in Germany

June 15, 1907
1907

Steiner organized the Theosophical Congress in Munich.

Its focus on artistic expression was a sharp departure from Helena Blavatsky’s Theosophy. A great portion of the old members of the Theosophical Society from various European countries, were not pleased with it.

Annie Besant attended this congress; Steiner and she decide to stop the cooperation between them.

1907
January 3, 1906

The contract is signed between Steiner and von Sivers and the Memphis-misraim-Order.

The contract allows Steiner to run an independent study group.

January 3, 1906
November 24, 1905

Steiner and von Sivers joined the Memphis-Misraim-Order.

November 24, 1905
1904/05

Steiner published the book How to Know Higher Worlds: A Modern Path of Initiation (1904–5).

1904/05
1904

Vreede is at Steiner’s lecture on ‘Mathematics and Occultism’ given at the Congress of the Federation of European Sections of the Theosophical Society at Amsterdam.

1904
1904

Steiner publishes Cosmic Memory: Prehistory of Earth and Man.

(Also published as “The Submerged Continents of Atlantis and Lemuria”

1904
1904

Steiner published Theosophy: An Introduction to the Spiritual Processes in Human Life and in the Cosmos.

1904
1904

Steiner founded his independent Esoteric School of the Theosophical Society.

1904
1904

Steiner was expressing his own understanding of spiritual experiences and phenomena in his essays and books, while continuing to refer to a wide variety of historical sources.

1904
May 10, 1904

In London, Steiner visits Anne Besant.

Besant officially names Steiner “Arch Warden” of the Theosophical Esoteric Society for Germany and Austria.
This means that Steiner is officially ‘authorized’ to teach.

May 10, 1904
1903

 In London, Steiner and Vreede meet for the firs time at the Theosophical Congress.

1903
1903

Steiner begins the journal Lucifer.

1903
1902

Steiner publishes Christianity as Mystical Fact.

1902
October 23, 1902
Steiner is admitted by Bessant to the TheosophicalSociety’s Esoteric School
October 23, 1902
October 20, 1902

The German section of the Theosophical Society is founded, with approx. 100 members.

Steiner becomes the General Secretary and von Sivers becomes Secretary.

In his inaugural lecture, Steiner speaks of “Practical Karma Exercises”.

October 20, 1902
1902

In Berlin, Ita Wegman meets Rudolf Steiner for the first time.

Wegman is 26 years old.

1902
January 17, 1902
Steiner joined the Theosophical Society.
January 17, 1902
Autumn, 1901

In the autumn of 1901, Marie von Sivers posed this question to Steiner,

“Would it be possible to create a spiritual movement based on European tradition and the impetus of Christ?”
Autumn, 1901
1901

Steiner had begun to write about spiritual topics, initially in the form of discussions of historical figures such as the mystics of the Middle Ages.

1901
1901

Steiner published, Mysticism at the Dawn of Modern Age (1901/1925)

1901
October 6, 1900

Steiner begins a series of twenty-six lectures on medieval mysticism.

October 6, 1900
September 29, 1900

At the Theosophical Library in Berlin, Steiner gives a lecture on Goethe’s Secret Revelation.

September 29, 1900
September 22, 1900

At the Theosophical Library in Berlin, Steiner gives a lecture on Nietzsche.

September 22, 1900
mid September 1900

Count Brockdorff asks Steiner to give a lecture in the Theosophical Library in Berlin.

mid September 1900
1899

Steiner married Anna Eunicke; the couple separated several years later.

1899
1899

Steiner begins speaking publicly about spiritual experiences and phenomena in his lectures to the Theosophical Society.

1899
1899

Steiner experienced what he described as a life-transforming inner encounter with the being of Christ.

1899
1899

Steiner published an article, “Goethe’s Secret Revelation”, discussing the esoteric nature of Goethe’s fairy tale The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily.

1899
1897

Steiner publishes the book, Goethe’s Conception of the World

1897
1897

Steiner left the Weimar archives and moved to Berlin. He became part owner of, chief editor of, and an active contributor to the literary journal Magazin für Literatur.

1897
1896

Steiner declined an offer from Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche to help organize the Nietzsche archive in Naumburg.

1896
1895

William Q. Judge dies.

Annie Besant becomes the sole leader of the Theosophical Society

1895
1894

Steiner published Die Philosophie der Freiheit

(The Philosophy of Freedom or The Philosophy of Spiritual Activity -— Steiner’s preferred English title).

1894
July 18,1893

Heinrich August Paul Jakob Ogilvie is born in Schleusingen, Germany.

July 18,1893
1892

Steiner published his dissertation in expanded form in 1892 as Truth and Knowledge.

1892
1891

At the University of Rostock, Steiner receives a doctorate in philosophy for his dissertation discussing Fichte’s concept of the ego, submitted to Heinrich von Stein.

1891
May 8, 1891

Helena Blavatsky, aged 59, died.

Annie Besant and William Q. Judge assume leadership of the Theosophical Society.

May 8, 1891
1888

The Esoteric School of Theosophy is constituted by Blavatsky independently from the Theosophical Society.

1888
1888

As a result of his work for the Kürschner edition of Goethe’s works, Steiner is invited to work as an editor at the Goethe archives in Weimar.

1888
1886

Steiner publishes his book, Grundlinien einer Erkenntnistheorie der Goetheschen Weltanschauung, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Schiller

(GA 2, transl. The Theory of Knowledge Implicit in Goethe’s World-Conception)

1886
1879

Steiner begins studies in Technical High School in Vienna.

1879
July 16, 1879

Elisabeth Vreede is born in The Hague, Holland.

July 16, 1879
February 22, 1876

In Karawang, West Java, Maria Ita Wegman, the first child of a Dutch colonial family, is born.

February 22, 1876
1875

In New York City, the Theosophical Society was founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, H.S. Olcott, W.Q. Judge, John Yarker, and others.

1875
1872

Steiner begins school in Wiener Neustadt.

1872
1870

Steiner, nine years old, had his first spiritual experience. He saw the spirit of one of his aunts, who had died in a far-off town, asking for help.

1870
March 14, 1867

In Włocławek, Poland, then part of Imperial Russia, Marie von Sivers is born.

March 14, 1867
Februari 27, 1861

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner is born in Murakirály, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.
(Now known as: Donji Kraljevec, Croatia)

Februari 27, 1861
1832

The weekly, Das Magazin für Litteratur, is founded.

1832
August 12, 1831

Helena Petrovna Blavatsky is born.

August 12, 1831